Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron by Joanna S. Smith

By Joanna S. Smith

Dramatic social and political swap marks the interval from the top of the overdue Bronze Age into the Iron Age (ca. 1300–700 BCE) around the Mediterranean. Inland palatial facilities of bureaucratic strength weakened or collapsed ca. 1200 BCE whereas entrepreneurial alternate by means of sea survived or even accelerated, changing into the Mediterranean-wide community of Phoenician alternate. on the middle of that method used to be Kition, one of many biggest harbor towns of historic Cyprus. previous study has recommended that Phoenician rule used to be confirmed at Kition after the abandonment of a part of its Bronze Age payment. A reexamination of Kition’s structure, stratigraphy, inscriptions, sculpture, and ceramics demonstrates that it used to be now not deserted. This examine emphasizes the location and scale of pictures and the way they exhibit the improvement of financial and social regulate at Kition from its institution within the 13th century BCE till the advance of a centralized type of govt by way of the Phoenicians, subsidized through the Assyrian king, in 707 BCE.
Uses a clean method of examining financial and social keep an eye on in the course of the context and scale of vital images
Features new photos of fifty seven gadgets and new drawings of fifteen gadgets discovered at Kition
Complete rereading of all Cypriot ceramics discovered there from the 13th century in the course of the 7th century BCE

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The largest number of recording tools at Kition-Kathari were found in association with workshops, where raw materials were processed, commodities were produced, and pieces were repaired or recycled. The textile workshop to the west from Floors IV through I and the metal workshop to the north from Floors IliA through II are, not surprisingly, places where several recording and measuring tools were found. On Floors IV through III in Temple 2 and from Floor IliA though III in Temple 4, considerable evidence for craft production was found, and these spaces are also strongly associated with recording and measuring tools.

Sometimes the purpose of an inscription can be inferred from the object inscribed @I@ 31 SETTING THE RECORD and its find location. Numbers are clues to quantity and probably to economic purposes. Because so many of the inscriptions cannot be read, it is not possible to use them as a primary means for defining administrative space. Inscriptions on objects could well relate to their votive purpose instead of any ownership, contents, or quantity. In considering change in inscriptional practice, there is the obvious shift from the predominant use of the undeciphered Late Bronze Age Cypriot script, which is most likely syllabic in structure with additional ideograms or word signs, to the readable Phoenician alphabet by the end of Floor 3.

1); (c) fragment of a near-life-size terracotta statue, no. 717 (see Fig. 4); (d) half-life-size terracotta hand, no. 3743 (see Fig. 5); (e) terracotta bovine statuette, no. 550 (see Fig. 20); (f) terracotta human figurine, no. 1056 (see Fig. 25); (g) terracotta horse figurine, no. 551 (see Fig. 24). Photographs by J. S. Smith and D. L. Kornblatt. 20 @I@ g TIME PERCEPTION include all or part of most figures at full scale, as well as multiple views so that the reader may see the pieces from several angles and think about them in relationship to their handling, wearing, or other placement.

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