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Extra info for Architectural Variability in the Southeast
Next, two or three bracing poles were laid perpendicular across the uprights and lashed to each of them to create a single wall unit. Strips of wet poplar bark were used to lash the horizontal braces to the uprights. The uppermost brace was attached to the vertical poles so that it would be about 1 m above the ﬂoor level. We learned that it was important to keep the horizontal braces on the inside of each wall unit, toward the direction the uprights were to be bent. Later, as the poles were being bent to create a framework, it was discovered that three horizontal braces become a hindrance and that it helped to remove the uppermost brace so that the poles could be better manipulated.
This means that it is more ﬂexible when 30 Nelson A. S. Department of Agriculture 1987). When ﬁrst erected, a pair of poles would act as an arch, either round or pointed, with load dispersed from any point on the arch at a tangential angle, and with lateral stability temporarily assured by being lashed to the roof beam. The Monks Mound and Moundville buildings probably had curving roofs mounted on a sturdy rigid wall, in the Kickapoo manner, while other large buildings apparently sprang directly from the wall trench.
While many had some basic construction and work skills, none had ever attempted to build a structure of this sort. Fourth, the labor consisted of men, women, and children. Fifth, work was carried out intermittently, usually on weekends, since the project was an all-volunteer effort. Sixth, the reconstruction site was on an ancient terrace composed of stiff red clay, as opposed to the lighter arable soils present on the main site area of Etowah. This clay proved very difﬁcult to excavate even with modern hand tools.