Archaeology of Knowledge (Routledge Classics) by Michel Foucault

By Michel Foucault

In France, a rustic that awards its intellectuals the prestige different international locations supply their rock stars, Michel Foucault was once a part of a glittering new release of thinkers, one that additionally incorporated Sartre, de Beauvoir and Deleuze. one of many nice highbrow heroes of the 20th century, Foucault was once a guy whose ardour and cause have been on the provider of approximately each revolutionary explanation for his time. From legislation and order, to psychological overall healthiness, to strength and data, he spearheaded public information of the dynamics that carry us all in thrall to some robust ideologies and pursuits. Arguably his most interesting paintings, Archaeology of Knowledge is a not easy yet beautifully profitable creation to his principles.

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The Protestant Reform, as it was experienced in England, also had a great affect on how people interacted with ancient material remains. When Henry VIII (1509–1547) declared the destruction of the catholic monasteries, landscapes that people had known for generations were altered. Many also recognised that a great amount of information, both in the form of text and materials, was being lost in the process. In England, as well as in Northern Europe, the interest in local past was aroused primarily in the raising middle class, who far from being overly wealthy, still had enough leisure time to devote to exploring and describing their local surroundings, as well as the antiquarian studies of those areas (Trigger 2006, 84–5).

Until the 1880s, archaeologists continued to focus on cultural evolution (Trigger 2006, 207, 215). However, as interested shifted to explaining the movements of human populations through diffusion, archaeologies began to focus more on culture histories (Trigger 2006, Chapter 6). While this switch from evolutionary archaeology to culture history may have eventually led to a decline in experiment in archaeology in the early 20th century, the methodology develops and maintains a state of popularity for most of this period.

Acknowledgements This paper presents part of my PhD thesis and as such, there are many people who I own a great deal of thanks. Firstly, financial assistance, in the form of a Graduate Research Studentship, came from the School of Geography, Archaeology and Earth Resources, University of Exeter. The storage experiments would not have been possible without financial help from the Department of Archaeology’s Fox Lawrence Fund at the University of Exeter and without permission from Rupert Lane (Dartmoor National Park), James Mason (Woodland Trust) and the National Trust, to gather the nuts from various woods in Devon.

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