By Philomen Probert
The accessory of many Greek phrases has lengthy been thought of arbitrary, yet Philomen Probert issues to a couple notable correlations among accentuation and a word's synchronic morphological transparency, and among accentuation and observe frequency, that supply clues to the prehistory of the accessory procedure. Bringing jointly comparative proof for the Indo-European accentuation of the suitable different types with contemporary insights into the results that lack of transparency and observe frequency have on language switch, Probert makes use of the synchronically observable correlations to bridge the distance among the accentuation styles reconstructable for Indo-European and people without delay attested for Greek from the Hellenistic interval onwards.
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Extra info for Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory (Oxford Classical Monographs)
Root of Lat. pau-cus ‘few, little’, Goth. faw-ai ‘few’: see Chantraine (1968–80: 865); Risch (1974: 70). R. Here I have preferred, where possible, to cite a form from a language of which I have at least some knowledge (while keeping in mind, I hope, proverbs about a little knowledge) than to cite one from a language of which, regrettably, I have none. This preference explains why I do not cite forms from, for example, Old Irish, Albanian, Armenian, or Old Church Slavonic more often than absolutely necessary.
Where the modern descendant is referred to, the term ‘modern Greek’ is employed. ‘Homer’ is used as a conventional label for the authors of the Iliad and Odyssey, and to refer to those works themselves, but for no other works. The Homeric Hymns, for example, are not intended when I say ‘Homer’. The terms used to refer to the diVerent possible positions for the Greek word accent are explained on pp. 62–9, when the necessary background on Greek accentuation has been given. Introduction 11 I have attempted not to encumber this book more than necessary with items from the increasingly vast technical terminology that theoretical linguistics has grown.
The wider signiWcance of a growing consciousness of the written word at this period is a point to which we shall return below. ’’ ‰ò äc ºıôÝïí; äBºïíÁ ïP ªaæ ôe ÆPôe óçìÆßíåØ Oîýôåæïí ôe äb âÆæýôåæïí ÞçŁÝí. ’ ‘And ‘‘you don’t lodge (ïP ŒÆôÆºýåØò)’’ is a negation of ‘‘you lodge’’? ’ ‘And you said that where you lodge (ïy ŒÆôÆºýåØò) is a house. ’ The solution is obvious. For it [sc. the word ïP=ïy] does not mean the same thing when spoken on a higher pitch as it does when spoken on a lower pitch.