An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between by Umut Uzer

By Umut Uzer

During this booklet, Umut Uzer examines the ideological evolution and transformation of Turkish nationalism from its early precursors to its modern protagonists. Turkish nationalism erupted onto the area level within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries, as Greeks, Armenians, and different minority teams in the Ottoman Empire started to search independence. partially according to the emerging nationalist voices of those teams, Turkish intellectuals all started propagating Turkish nationalism via educational in addition to renowned books, and later institutions released semipropagandist journals with the aid of the Unionist and Kemalist governments. whereas predominantly a textual research of the first assets written by way of the nationalists, this quantity takes into consideration how political advancements encouraged Turkish nationalism and in addition tackles the query of the way an ideology that started as a innovative, innovative, forward-looking perfect ultimately remodeled into one who is conservative, patriarchal, and sentimental to the Ottoman and Islamic prior. among Islamic and Turkish identification is the 1st booklet in any language to comprehensively study Turkish nationalism with such scope and engagement with basic assets; it goals to dissect the phenomenon in all its manifestations.

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Extra info for An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity

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But all the members of the Ottoman dynasty were exiled in 1924, so he went to Switzerland, where he died in 1948. His book How Could Turkey Be Saved was published in 1918. The prince was adamant that the English education system was superior to French or Ottoman schools because the English prepared individualistic students who would undertake entrepreneurial endeavors. He called the French and Ottoman societies and polities communitarian entities emphasizing society at the expense of the individual.

2 But the country was occupied by the British, French, Italians, and Greeks and needed a leader to organize the struggle for independence against the occupiers. The person to lead the national liberation movement and establish a national state was Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. The most remarkable of his revolutionary policies was the foundation of a modern Turkish state, whose establishment required both material and ideational construction. This was a particularly arduous task. 3 The combination of the three processes discussed above, however, made the task and rationale of a Turkish state manifest and urgent.

For certain segments of the Kurds, Kurdish identity was part of Ottoman identity until the establishment of the Kurdish Advancement Society (KAS, Kürdistan Teali Cemiyeti), which, represented by Şerif Paşa, demanded independence at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. A separate Kurdish identity was articulated by this society. Its members included Sayyid Abdülkadir (the president of the society), Emin Ali Bedirhan, Şükrü and Fuat Babanzade, and the Islamist Said Nursi. 48 { 27 } Cha pt e r 1 Turkish nationalism can be explained by political events, transforming it into an idea intended to preserve Turkish national independence.

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