By James D. Le Sueur
Algeria's democratic test is seminal in post-Cold struggle history. the 1st Muslim country to try the transition from an authoritarian process to democratic pluralism, this North African state grew to become a try case for reform in Africa, the Arab global and beyond. but while the rustic regarded guaranteed to develop into the world's first elected Islamic republic, there has been an army coup and the democratic strategy used to be introduced sharply to a halt. Islamists declared jihad at the kingdom and thousands of civilians have been killed within the resulting decade of nation repression. Le Sueur exhibits that Algeria is on the very center of latest debates approximately Islam and secular democracy, arguing that the steadiness of Algeria is important for the protection of the broader heart East. Algeria considering that 1989 is a full of life and crucial exam of the way the destiny of 1 nation is entwined with a lot better international issues.
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Additional info for Algeria Since 1989: Between Terror and Democracy (Global History of the Present)
It would be on that day that Algerians would rejoice at the fact that they had finally rid themselves of the French. The war of independence had begun on November 1, 1954, and the ceasefire agreed to in Evian, France, between Algerian revolutionaries and President Charles de Gaulle’s government had been in effect since March 19, 1962. Together the ceasefire and ensuing independence celebrations marked the death of “French Algeria” and the birth of a nation. The evidence of the slow, painful death and birth in the zero-sum game of decolonization came during the spring and summer of 1962, when roughly one million French settlers fled from Algeria to France in what has remained one of the largest mass exoduses of colonial settlers in world history.
22 Ironically, whereas in most segments of public life the state maintained a firm grip, in the public health sector it lost control over doctors and over the dispersion of medical resources. The FLN increasingly let doctors move into private practice and re locate from rural areas to the urban centers. And, consistent with the emphasis on infrastructure, Boumediene concentrated on building medical facilities in larger urban centers, which meant that doctors, like much of the population, were drawn away from villages and smaller communities.
It is hardly surprising, given Algeria’s own revolutionary heritage and history of violent revolt, that guerrilla forces formed to try to take down the government. While these revolutionaries never had mass support within the country, many different types of terrorist groups emerged, and with vastly different agendas. Some vowed to use violence to restore the political process; others vowed to use violence to end politics altogether and to install a theocratic state; yet, most engaged in a war against the national government, or the “the near enemy,” as Fawza A.