By Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie
AIDS epidemics proceed to threaten the livelihoods of thousands of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. 3 many years after the illness used to be first well-known, the yearly dying toll from AIDS exceeds that from wars, famine and floods mixed. but regardless of hundreds of thousands of bucks of reduction and learn, there has formerly been little distinctive on-the-ground research of the multifaceted affects on rural humans. Filling that hole, this publication brings jointly contemporary proof of AIDS affects on rural families, livelihoods, and agricultural perform in sub-Saharan Africa. there's specific emphasis at the position of ladies in affected families, and at the state of affairs of kids. The ebook is exclusive in featuring micro-level info accumulated by way of unique empirical examine in a number African international locations, and exhibiting how well-grounded conclusions on tendencies, affects and native responses may be utilized to the layout of HIV-responsive rules and programmes. AIDS affects are extra different than we formerly inspiration, and native responses extra various - occasionally leading edge, occasionally determined. The publication represents an enormous contribution to our knowing of the affects of AIDS within the epidemic's heartland, and the way those should be controlled at various degrees.
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Additional resources for AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa
P. M. , Herbst, K. , Wreghitt, T. and Karpas, A. , Byamugisha, J. and Baine, S. (2007) ‘Assessing the macroeconomic impact of HIV/AIDS in Uganda. B. P. M. , Harvey, P. and Silvestre, E. (2005) ‘How do we know what we know about the impact of AIDS on food and livelihood insecurity? H. K. A. and Kambewa, D. R. (1999) Adult Mortality as Entitlement Failure: AIDS and the Crisis of Rural Livelihoods in a Tanzanian Village, Shaker Media, Maastricht Seeley J. , Dercon, S. and Barnett, T. , Tumwekwase, G.
The most important reason for the migration of the couple from Bukoba to Karagwe district is explained by them simply as an attempt to leave behind the painful memories and to start fresh. They wanted to be in a place where landmarks are new, neighbours are new and where there are no gravesites as sad reminders of the tragic death of their children. This specific type of AIDS-driven migration has largely not been explored. , 2007; IOM, 2007). , 2006; Karugendo, 2008). These two studies show that increasingly, widowers and widows whose partners have died from AIDS are migrating from their usual residential areas to fish landing sites on the shores of Lake Victoria or in the many islands in the lake (Rugalema and Mathieson, 2009).
Household movement: Information on household movement is limited, especially for households that dissolved. In the 16-year period we do know that out of 139 households, 36 (26 per cent) moved at least once from their previous location including 10 that dissolved. Households that moved were mostly HIV-positive (6 households), female-headed (21 households), had a small number (no more than 5) of members (29 households), had experienced the death of the household head (16 households) and had a low (poor) socio-economic status (17 households).