By Lily L. Tsai
This ebook examines the basic factor of ways voters get govt officers to supply them with the roads, colleges, and different public companies they wish through learning groups in rural China. In authoritarian and transitional platforms, formal associations for containing executive officers responsible are usually vulnerable. the reply, Lily L. Tsai chanced on, lies in a community's social associations. even if formal democratic and bureaucratic associations of responsibility are vulnerable, executive officers can nonetheless be topic to casual principles and norms created by way of group solidary teams that experience earned excessive ethical status in the neighborhood.
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Extra resources for Accountability Without Democracy: Solidary Groups and Public Goods Provision in Rural China
Ofﬁcials in localities with encompassing and embedding solidary groups thus have an extra incentive to provide public goods and services to their jurisdictions. Under these conditions, solidary groups can provide an extra incentive for ofﬁcials to invest public funds in public goods provision. Not all ofﬁcials will necessarily prioritize the pursuit of moral standing. But for those that lack other kinds of political resources such as funding, coercion, or useful 14 P1: SBT 0521871976c01 CUNY805/Tsai 978 0 521 87197 6 September 22, 2007 17:49 Governance and Institutions of Accountability connections outside their locality, moral standing can be a crucial resource and powerful incentive.
According to Article 9 of the Organization Law of Village Committees, approved on November 14, 1998, the village committee consists of three to seven members, including the village head, vice-head, and other committee members. A village Party branch can be established if there are three or more Party members in a village. ” See Lawrence, “Village Democracy,” 17. 30 P1: SBT 0521871976c02 CUNY805/Tsai 978 0 521 87197 6 September 22, 2007 18:8 Decentralization and Local Government Performance of the same people serving concurrently on both the village committee and Party branch is to reduce public expenditures on wages for unnecessary village ofﬁcials.
The survey looked at objective and subjective indicators of the quality of village public goods such as roads, schools, water, electricity, sanitation, and agricultural infrastructure; funding sources for village public goods; village public ﬁnance; personal characteristics of village ofﬁcials; township–village relations; village democratic institutions; and community social institutions. As a foreign scholar working in China, I was exceptionally fortunate to have complete control over the design of the questionnaire and the survey sampling.