In lots of academic texts you will need to use more than one type. As an example, in an empirical thesis:
- you will use critical writing in the literature review to show where there clearly was a gap or opportunity into the research that is existing
- the methods section will be mostly descriptive to summarise the methods used to gather and analyse information
- the outcomes section is supposed to be mostly descriptive and analytical while you report in the data you collected
- the discussion section is more analytical, as you propose your interpretations of the findings as you relate your findings back to your research questions, and also persuasive.
The type that is simplest of academic writing is descriptive. Its purpose would be to provide facts or information. A good example would be a listing of an article or a report for the total outcomes of an experiment.
The kinds of instructions for a assignment that is purely descriptive: identify, report, record, summarise and define.
It’s rare for a text that is university-level be purely descriptive. Most academic writing is also analytical. Analytical writing includes descriptive writing, but you also re-organise the known facts and information you describe into categories, groups, parts, types or relationships.
Sometimes, these categories or relationships are already part of the discipline, sometimes you can expect to create them designed for your text. For instance, if you’re comparing two theories, you might break your comparison into several parts, for example: how each theory relates to social context, how each theory deals with language learning, and how each theory may be used in practice.
The kinds of instructions for an assignment that is analytical: analyse, compare, contrast, relate, visit our main web site examine.
To create your writing more analytical:
- spend plenty of time planning. Brainstorm the facts and ideas, and try different ways of grouping them, relating to patterns, parts, similarities and differences. Continue reading