A starting point for a discussion of authorship could be the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines. In 1978, a group that is small of of general medical journals met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, to determine guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references manufactured by the National Library of Medicine, were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group evolved and expanded to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, which meets annually. The ICMJE gradually has broadened its concerns to incorporate ethical principles related to publication in biomedical journals. Over the years, ICMJE has issued updated versions of exactly what are called Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals as well as other statements relating to policy that is editorial. Probably the most update that is recent in November 2003. Approximately 500 journals that are biomedical towards the guidelines.
Based on the ICMJE guidelines:
The Schцn Case: Taking responsibility for other individuals’ work
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- Authorship credit must certanly be predicated on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of information, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval associated with the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3.
- When a sizable, multi-center group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These people should fully meet the criteria for authorship defined above and editors will ask him or her to accomplish author that is journal-specific conflict of great interest disclosure forms. Continue reading